Since the Central Economic Work Conference listed “doing a good job in carbon peaking and carbon neutrality” as a key task in 2021, carbon peaking and carbon neutrality have become the focus of social attention. This year’s government work report also put forward, “Do a solid job of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.” So, what is carbon peaking and carbon neutrality? What is the significance of doing this work well?
Highlight the idea of ecological civilization and promote green transformation
Carbon peak refers to the fact that the annual carbon dioxide emissions of a certain region or industry reach the highest value in history, and then go through a plateau period into a process of continuous decline. It is the historical turning point of carbon dioxide emissions from increasing to decreasing; The carbon dioxide emitted directly and indirectly from human activities within a certain period of time offsets the carbon dioxide absorbed through tree planting and afforestation, achieving “net zero emission” of carbon dioxide.
China has proposed that carbon dioxide emissions will reach a peak by 2030 and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. The Central Economic Work Conference made arrangements for carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.
The major decision of my country’s carbon peak and carbon neutrality highlights the strategic determination of my country’s ecological civilization construction and the responsibility of a major country, and releases to the world a positive signal that China is firmly committed to the green and low-carbon development path, leading the global ecological civilization and the construction of a beautiful world. .
my country’s new goal of strengthening climate action not only points out the direction for China to implement a national strategy to actively respond to climate change, but also provides a powerful starting point for further promoting high-quality economic development and improving high-level protection of the ecological environment.
my country must unswervingly regard the effective control of greenhouse gas emissions as a major strategic opportunity to accelerate the overall green and low-carbon transformation of the economy and society, and lead the global green and low-carbon technology and industrial revolution, and promote and lead the energy and low-carbon revolution through low-carbon development. The establishment of a green and low-carbon industrial system and the development of urbanization and low-carbon development. Accelerate the cultivation of new growth points and the formation of new kinetic energy in the fields of renewable energy, new energy vehicles, sustainable infrastructure, etc., so as to accelerate the establishment of a sound economic system for green and low-carbon circular development .
Strengthen top-level design and policy synergy to increase confidence
The time from my country’s current commitment to carbon peak to carbon neutrality is only about 30 years. Such a transformation is unprecedented in intensity, and its implementation requires greater efforts than developed countries. In this regard, we must have a unified understanding, strengthen overall awareness and responsibility, strengthen top-level design and policy coordination, mobilize all social forces, and give full play to the superiority of the socialist system.
To achieve the expected goals, it is necessary to combine digitalization and low-carbonization to promote industrial transformation and upgrading and high-quality development. On the one hand, strengthen the digital economy, high-tech industries and new energy industry infrastructure construction, and use digitization to improve the efficiency of resource and energy utilization. On the other hand, strengthen energy conservation and energy substitution in buildings and transportation.
It is necessary to change the energy structure and increase the proportion of non-fossil energy. As stated by He Jiankun, Deputy Director of the National Climate Change Expert Committee, to achieve the peak of carbon dioxide emissions before 2030, the proportion of non-fossil energy in the 14th Five-Year Plan period should reach about 20% and reach about 25% by 2030. Only this way, Until 2030, the development of non-fossil energy can meet the new energy demand brought about by economic development, while fossil energy will no longer increase in general; or natural gas has increased among fossil energy, but coal consumption has declined, and oil consumption has tended to At the peak, the carbon emissions brought about by the growth of natural gas can be offset by the carbon emissions reduced by the reduction in coal consumption, thereby achieving the peak of carbon dioxide emissions.
Achieving carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is not only a profound energy, technological and industrial revolution, but also an arduous process of structural transformation, kinetic energy transformation, and low-carbon transformation. It is necessary to systematically plan a strategy and roadmap for the construction of a “carbon neutral country” , For a long time to work. It is necessary to speed up the establishment of a total carbon emission control system and a decomposition implementation mechanism; deal with the important relationship between source control and increasing carbon sinks, and strictly control the emerging problems of high energy-consuming and high-emission industries in some places; strengthen the formulation of carbon neutral national strategies And the implementation of major scientific and technological special research and top-level design, speed up the study of the economic and social deep decarbonization path after the carbon peak. (The author’s unit is the National Center for Climate Change Strategy Research and International Cooperation)
Our company focuses on the production and promotion of fully degradable composite packaging bags to reduce the environmental pollution of plastic bags. I hope that our meager efforts can also make a small contribution to the country’s environmental protection goals.
Post time: Nov-16-2021